What Are The Symptoms of Inattentive ADHD in Adults?
Some people forget things and do not remember them unless they put them in their calendars or someone reminds them. Their tasks keep filing and they cannot finish them even if they try their best. They are late for everything. These may not be a big issue until they affect your relationships, work, and personal life. Often, these symptoms are ignored but they can actually be ADHD symptoms. If you want to manage ADHD and lead a normal life, you should know its symptoms and be able to spot them correctly.
What is inattentive ADHD in adults?
ADHD, a neuropsychiatric condition, is of three types. They are
- Hyperactive and
Inattentive ADHD is the most common type, especially, in adults. It is generally believed that the symptoms of ADHD start from the childhood stage and last into adulthood. However, recent research says there is enough evidence to show that ADHD can emerge for the first time in adulthood. Sometimes it may go unnoticed in childhood and may be recognized only in adulthood.
What causes ADHD to develop in adults?
ADHD tends to run in families. The genetic factor is a significant reason for ADHD. Moreover, stress is considered to be an important factor that causes ADHD in adults. Sustained anxiety and chronic stress decrease performance and memory. This results in difficulty paying attention, understanding new information, and retaining things learned. Exposure to toxins like lead from paints and pipes can also trigger ADHD in adults.
Untreated ADHD in adults can ultimately result in mental disorders like anxiety and depression and can cause irritability and low self-esteem. Often, ADHD is not taken seriously. Many ignore the symptoms. No one has a perfect memory. Everyone forgets a lot of important things. So, none considers symptoms like forgetfulness and lack of attention as serious issues. However, if ignored, people with ADHD, especially inattentive ADHD, will feel like they are lost all the time. So, you should know about the symptoms of inattentive ADHD and consult a physician.
What are the symptoms of ADHD in adults?
An estimate shows that 2.5% of adults have ADHD but its symptoms in adults are subtle. So, they go unnoticed frequently. This may affect their personal life in many ways. So, it is important to know the symptoms and get medical care.
American Psychiatric Association has listed nine main symptoms associated with inattentive ADHD in adults. What are they?
1. Lack of directed attention
There are two kinds of attention, one is automated attention and the other is directed attention.
Automated attention is the attention that occurs when we do things we love, desire, and know. For example, you may feel like eating ice cream on a hot sunny day. You do it with ease because it is enjoyable and natural.
Directed attention, also called effortful attention, requires intentional focus. You need to put up some effort and execute control to complete the task. For example, you may have a deadline for a project coming up. You need to stay focused and attentive to finish it. This is called directed attention.
Normal people use both these attentions in their everyday life. People with ADHD lack direct attention. It is impaired for them. As they are not able to use directed attention, they engage themselves in automated attention most of the time.
2. Failure to focus on details
It is common for everyone to forget a few details but adults with ADHD are not able to focus on details always.
3. Inability to listen
You may find it difficult to listen when a speaker delivers a boring address but ADHD patients look at you with a glazed eye and not paying any attention to what you are speaking. This is not intentional but something else might have popped up in their head when you are talking.
4. Trouble staying focused on the task
Do you have many tasks incomplete? Do you switch over to another before completing one? Are you not able to focus on one task and complete it? It can be a symptom of ADHD.
5. Lack of organizational skills
The inability to organize things in the cupboard, dishwasher, washing machine, etc. can be a symptom of ADHD in adults.
6. Forgetting important dates
Important dates like birthdays, weddings, anniversaries, and parties may slip from the minds of people with ADHD.
7. Postponing to the last date
Putting important things off until the last moment, not responding to messages and emails immediately, not responding to alarm clocks, and avoiding tasks that need quick attention are symptoms of ADHD.
8. Losing and misplacing things frequently
People with ADHD tend to lose keys, mobile phones, and other personal belongings often.
9. Getting distracted often
ADHD patients may not be able to focus for a long time while doing a task or listening to a meeting or watching a movie. They are easily distracted from one task to another.
Experts say that anyone having six or more of the above-mentioned symptoms may have ADHD. They must meet a healthcare professional immediately. There are a few treatment options that help to manage the symptoms of ADHD.
The right treatment is a combination of medication and therapy. Medications are generally stimulants that stimulate the brain. The stimulants may cause adverse effects and have the risk of abuse and dependence. You should not take it without consulting your doctor. One of the safest stimulant medications is Modafinil. It is a prescription drug for treating sleep disorders but recommended off the label by doctors as it has been proven to be effective to treat ADHD.
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